Sewing with Silk: Understanding Silk Textiles
In this first episode of Katrina Walker’s Sewing with Silk video series, you can learn about sericulture. Understanding where silk textiles come from is helpful background for eventually sewing with this luxury fiber.
Katrina shows a variety of cocoons, made by different moth types. Depending on the species, the cocoons may be large or small, white or colored. Those made the the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, are pure white and capsule-shaped. Other types are pale green or gold, and come in various shapes. Dupioni cocoons were made by two silkworms spinning a single cocoon together, so they are large. When reeled together, they create the slubs that are characteristic of dupioni fabric.
To get the silk from a cocoon, you must boil and soak the cocoon. Then the fiber is either spread onto a frame, to create the start of a layered batting, or unreeled as a single strand. The stretched and layered cocoons are combined to make muwata, or silk hankies.
Reeling the silk filament
After soaking a cocoon in hot water, you must remove the outside layer of silk. It’s coarse and not suited to making into fine fabrics. Eventually, you’ll find the start of the cocoon’s single filament. This can be reeled from the cocoon to form raw silk; each strand is made from six to eight separate filaments wound together. The combined strand is then made in to a hank of raw silk, ready to go to a mill and be woven.
Spinning silk fiber
Some silk yarns are made from silk fiber that has been carded and combed into roving, rather than reeled. This silk fiber is usually of lesser quality than the silk that is reeled. The carded silk roving is then spun. Katrina shows two…