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Sewing machine will not sew, please help

oyasumidesu | Posted in Equipment and Supplies on

My friend recieved a second hand  singer 301  brown sewing machine. The machine first would sew like a dream, but then after about 4 inches the problems started. The top thread knotted underneath the feed dog (around the bobbin), the thread Ripped and tared with tangles under the feed dog; the thread constantly rips from the needle; it punches holes instead of sewing (skips ALL stitches).

That last problem has also been affecting MY babylock/denim proII (b15) for atleast 5-6 years!

Can anyone help? We have tried what seems to be everything to make her machine go for hours on end, but to no avail. Please, can someone help?


  1. Pattiann42 | | #1

    So frustrating when the machines turn on you!

    This may help, if you have not already done so......

    Un- thread the machine by snipping the thread near the spool, then with the presser foot up, remove the thread from the eye of the needle and remove the thread from the machine.  Do this every time you remove the spool.

    Remove the bobbin.

    Open the throat/needle plate and clean any lint, fabric snips or fuzz that may have accumulated.

    With the presser foot up, re-thread the machine.  Both machines, always with the presser foot up.  This opens the tensions and allows the thread to seat.

    Replace the bobbin back in the case, making sure the thread is unwinding in the correct rotation.   I believe, but am not certain, thread unwinds counter clockwise on horizontal bobbin cases (drop-in type) and clockwise on vertical bobbin cases.

    Replace the old needle with a new one designed specifically for the type of fabric you are sewing.  In the Tips & Tricks section at the top of this screen you will find a needle chart, if needed.

    Check the manual if you have one, to see if the machine requires oiling.  The newer machines will not have this information in the manual as the manufacturers now require the machines to be serviced by certified repair person in order to avoid warranty issues. 

    Hope you are up and running in a short time.

    1. oyasumidesu | | #2

      THANK YOU SO MUCH!!  We cleaned out the feed dog, and flipped the bobbing counter clockwise, and it SEWS (the singer 301)!!! I can't believe that the bobbin spin direction, was such a factor in if the machine sews or not!!! thank you so very much ^_^ we are greatful!!


      (Mine is still skipping threads every where though....is there a simple fix for that?)

      1. Ralphetta | | #3

        It still skips after inserting a new needle in the proper size?

      2. Pattiann42 | | #5

        Happily, the Singer is working and it is the Babylock that now needs a solution.

        oyasumidesu, so glad to hear the Singer is working, please try the same routine for the BL.

        If the problem with the BL persists, take it to the dealer with a sample of what is happening.  It may be a timing issue.

        Edited 8/15/2008 11:03 am ET by spicegirl1

        1. oyasumidesu | | #6

          ok, thank you. now all I need is to go to the store to get some new needles (realized I am all out) and if that doesn't work, I will take it to the dealer ^_^. but what do you mean by a timing issue?


          and thank you for the link to the manual ^_^

          Edited 8/17/2008 6:18 pm ET by oyasumidesu

          1. marymary | | #7

            For your sewing machine to work properly, the needle must descend at just the right moment to pick up the bobbin thread to form a stitch.  That is the easy explanation.  When the machine in "out of time", the timing of these two things is not correct.  Most vintage machines do not easily get out of time, but computerized machines are a different story.  I have thrown the timing off my Bernina.  I did so by trying to sew over a heavy seam in suede cloth drapes. 

            If you are having problems with your Babylock and you have tried everything, then maybe you need to take it to a qualified technician.

  2. marymary | | #4

    oyasumidesu, try this link http://www.ismacs.net/singer/manuals/301.pdf for a manual for the 301.

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