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Quick Reference for Cut-and-Spread Pattern Grading

To grade a pattern so it will fit different sizes, refer to the illustrations and instructions below and the two charts that follow. For a general explanation of pattern grading, see the article Making Sense of Pattern Grading.

Making the cut

There are five basic pattern pieces: bodice front, bodice back, skirt or pants front, skirt or pants back, and sleeve. Each pattern piece has several vertical and horizontal cut lines, which correspond to measurements on the pattern grading chart at the bottom of this post.

These illustrations show where to cut a pattern so that it can be graded for both circumference (vertical cuts) and length (horizontal cuts). A few simple calculations determine how much to spread/overlap at each cut line.

These standard cut lines are placed in approximate locations where the body “grows” or “shrinks.” Vertical cut lines are always parallel to CF or CB (or sleeve’s grainline), and horizontal cut lines are perpendicular to CF or CB (or sleeve’s grainline). A cut line may pass across a dart but shouldn’t intersect a dart lengthwise (this changes size of dart, thereby altering garment’s overall shape).

Making the grade

1. Establish overall grade (difference between pattern’s measurements and body measurements).

2. Divide overall grade by 4 to get allocated grade. This distributes overall grade among four parts of body or pattern (left and right front, and left and right back).

3. Divide allocated grade among the cut lines on the pattern piece (see illustrations above) by following cut line’s formula in pattern grading chart on the bottom of this post. Calculate it yourself, or use the calculated amounts for commonly used grades.

4. Slash along cut lines and spread or overlap by the required amount along each cut line.

5. Blend gaps if the pattern was spread; split the difference if overlapped. Trace the graded piece onto clean paper, and transfer the grainline and notches.

Overall grade: 8 inches
Allocated grade: one-quarter of 8 inches = 2 inches
Formula for line 1 (one-quarter of allocated grade): one-quarter of 2 inches = 1/2-inch spread

Garment size chart

This chart represents a consensus of pattern company and apparel manufacturer sizing. If you aren’t fitting a specific person, you can use it as a guide for grading up or down.

Size 4
Bust 32
Waist 24
Hip 34

Size 6
Bust 33
Waist 25
Hip 35

Size 8
Bust 34
Waist 26
Hip 36

Size 10
Bust 35-1/2
Waist 27-1/2
Hip 37-1/2

Size 12
Bust 37
Waist 29
Hip 39

Size 14
Bust 38-1/2
Waist 30-1/2
Hip 40-1/2

Size 16
Bust 40-1/2
Waist 32-1/2
Hip 42-1/2

Size 18
Bust 42-1/2
Waist 34-1/2
Hip 44-1/2

Size 20
Bust 44-1/2
Waist 36-1/2
Hip 46-1/2


Pattern grading chart

On this chart you’ll find the location of each cut line shown in the illustrations above, along with the amount to spread/overlap at each for a 1-inch, 1-1/2-inch, or 2-inch overall grade. In the formula column you’ll see the portion of the allocated grade (AG) distributed to each cut line.
Pattern Grading Chart


Written by Terry Horlamus and excerpted from Threads #101, pp. 66-70

Illustrations: Linda Boston


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  1. Spugh09 | | #1

    What a great refresh!!!

  2. alexandrac21 | | #2

    This is a great reference. I have a question regarding the Bodice front/back AG- why is line 1/line 6 1/4 of AG?

  3. MrPG | | #3

    Why is this entire net-site so printer-hostile?

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  5. Emilie86 | | #5

    Thank you for these very usefull explanations! I would like to know if you would agree that I translate this post in french on my blog (redirecting to you with a credits link of course)? Thank you in advance...

  6. Tasallison | | #6


    I only have a small amount of some beautiful wool to make a very simple jacket with no closures) and I need to use a pattern that is 2" smaller than my measurements...i think i understand how to grade up the bodice pieces, but how does that change the sleeve as there's not a lot of ease on the cap. How do i alter the sleeves to fit??

    Many thanks!!


  7. sweetpaprika | | #7

    I would like to know how to sew seams on stretch fabrics without a serger.

  8. Berenyce | | #8

    Hello Thanks very much to your for this help. SOmehow i wonder how i must act for the horizontal line of the sleeve. Do i take the same allocated grade than for the body ? THank your for answering.

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